Search results for GCAT

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Species

Types

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Protein (1 results from a total of 1)

Identifier: R-HSA-535614
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: mitochondrial inner membrane
Primary external reference: UniProt: GCAT: O75600

Complex (3 results from a total of 3)

Identifier: R-HSA-6798663
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: mitochondrial inner membrane
Identifier: R-HSA-6798653
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: mitochondrial inner membrane
Identifier: R-HSA-6798680
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: mitochondrial inner membrane

Reaction (2 results from a total of 2)

Identifier: R-HSA-6798345
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: mitochondrial matrix, mitochondrial inner membrane
The degradation of L-threonine to glycine in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes takes place through a two-step biochemical pathway. In the second step, mitochondrial 2-amino-3-ketobutyrate coenzyme A ligase (GCAT, aka KBL) catalyses the reaction between 2-amino-3-oxobutanoate (2A-3OBU) and coenzyme A (CoA-SH) to form glycine (Gly) and acetyl-CoA (Ac-CoA) (Edgar & Polak 2000). GCAT resides on the mitochondrial inner membrane and requires pyridoxal 5-phosphate (PXLP) as cofactor. It is strongly expressed in heart, brain, liver and pancreas. Dimeric GCAT:PXLP is thought to exist on the mitochondrial inner membrane in complex with tetrameric L-threonine 3-dehydrogenase (TDH), the first enzyme in this pathway (Tressel et al. 1986). With these two enzymes located together, it stops the rapid and spontaneous decarboxylation of 2A-3OBU to aminoacetone and carbon dioxide and instead, results in glycine formation.
Identifier: R-HSA-6798667
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: mitochondrial matrix, mitochondrial inner membrane
The degradation of L-threonine to glycine in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes takes place through a two-step biochemical pathway. In the first step, L-threonine (L-Thr) is oxidised to 2-amino-3-oxobutanoate (2A-3OBU) using NAD+ as acceptor. This reaction is catalysed by mitochondrial L-threonine 3-dehydrogenase (TDH) (Edgar 2002). The human activity is inferred from the characterised porcine Tdh (Edgar 2002b, Kao & Davis 1994). TDH is thought to exist as a tetramer on the mitochondrial inner membrane in complex with dimeric 2-amino-3-ketobutyrate coenzyme A ligase (GCAT), the second enzyme in this pathway (Tressel et al. 1986). With these two enzymes located together, it stops the rapid and spontaneous decarboxylation of 2A-3OBU to aminoacetone and carbon dioxide and instead, results in glycine formation.

Pathway (1 results from a total of 1)

Identifier: R-HSA-8849175
Species: Homo sapiens
The degradation of L-threonine to glycine in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes takes place through a two-step biochemical pathway in mitochondria (Dale 1978). In the first step, L-threonine is oxidised to 2-amino-3-oxobutanoate. This reaction is catalysed by mitochondrial L-threonine 3-dehydrogenase tetramer (TDH tetramer). In the second step, mitochondrial 2-amino-3-ketobutyrate coenzyme A ligase (GCAT, aka KBL) catalyses the reaction between 2-amino-3-oxobutanoate and coenzyme A to form glycine and acetyl-CoA. GCAT resides on the mitochondrial inner membrane in dimeric form and requires pyridoxal 5-phosphate (PXLP) as cofactor. GCAT is thought to exist on the mitochondrial inner membrane in complex with TDH. With these two enzymes located together, it stops the rapid and spontaneous decarboxylation of 2A-3OBU to aminoacetone and carbon dioxide and instead, results in glycine formation (Tressel et al. 1986).
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