Trimming of peptides by IRAP in endocytic vesicles

Stable Identifier
Reaction [transition]
Homo sapiens
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While it is established that cathepsin S is involved in antigen processing in endocytotic vesicles, it is less certain whether other proteases present in endocytic vesicles are also involved in generating the peptide fragments. Insulin regulated aminopeptidase (IRAP) is an epitope-trimming zinc-dependent aminopeptidase closely related to ERAP1 and ERAP2. IRAP may be involved in vacuolar processing of the peptide fragments within endosomes (Saveanu et al. 2009, Segura et al. 2009). IRAP is detected predominantly in the early and recycling endosome fractions. Saveanu et al. (2009) observed the physical association of IRAP with internalized class I MHC molecules and suggested that this may favour a direct linkage between peptide trimming and MHC class I loading. They also showed that IRAP-dependent processing of antigens requires active proteasome but not lysosomal proteases, which suggests that this pathway utilizes cytosolic degradation followed by peptide transport into IRAP-containing endosomes.
Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
19918052 Different cross-presentation pathways in steady-state and inflammatory dendritic cells

Chai, SY, Villadangos, JA, Albiston, AL, Wicks, IP, Segura, E

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2009
19498108 IRAP identifies an endosomal compartment required for MHC class I cross-presentation

Firat, E, Lindo, V, Carroll, O, Greer, F, Guermonprez, P, Weimershaus, M, Van Endert, P, Niedermann, G, Davoust, J, Keller, SR, Saveanu, L, Kratzer, R

Science 2009
Catalyst Activity

aminopeptidase activity of IRAP in complex with MHC class I [early endosome membrane]

Orthologous Events
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