Sialidases (NEU, neuraminidases) hydrolyze sialic acids (N-acetylneuramic acid, Neu5Ac, NANA) to produce asialo compounds, a step in the degradation process of glycoproteins and gangliosides. NEU1 and NEU4 hydrolyse NANA in the lysosomal lumen. NEU1 is active in a multienzyme complex comprising cathepsin A protective protein (CTSA) and beta-galactosidase (Bonten et al. 1996, Rudenko et al. 1995). Defects in NEU1 are the cause of Sialidosis (MIM:256550) (Bonten et al. 1996). CTSA is thought to exert a protective function necessary for stability and activity of these enzymes (Galjart et al. 1988). Defects in CTSA are the cause of galactosialidosis (GSL, MIM:256540) (Zhou et al. 1991). NEU4 is also a lysosomal sialidase which, unlike NEU1, doesn't require association with other proteins for enzymatic activity. Isoform 2 is thought to be the lysosomal sialidase (Seyrantepe et al. 2004).