Inactive RAFs bind YWHAB

Stable Identifier
Reaction [binding]
Homo sapiens
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In quiescent cells, RAF is maintained in a closed state in which the N-terminal regulatory region sterically blocks the catalytic region (Cutler et al, 1998; Tran et al, 2003; Terai et al, 2005; Tran et al, 2005; reviewed in Udell et al, 2011). This closed state is mediated in part by the intramolecular binding of YWHAB/14-3-3 dimers to two phosphorylated serine residues (S259 and S621 in RAF1, S214 and S582 in ARAF and S365 and S729 in BRAF) (Ory et al, 2003; Jaumot et al, 2001; Fischer et al, 2009; reviewed in Udell et al, 2011).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
11494123 Protein phosphatases 1 and 2A promote Raf-1 activation by regulating 14-3-3 interactions

Jaumot, M, Hancock, JF

Oncogene 2001
15711535 Ras binding opens c-Raf to expose the docking site for mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase

Matsuda, M, Terai, K

EMBO Rep. 2005
20820846 Mechanistic principles of RAF kinase signaling

Sicheri, F, Udell, CM, Rajakulendran, T, Therrien, M

Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 2011
15710605 B-Raf and Raf-1 are regulated by distinct autoregulatory mechanisms

Frost, JA, Wu, X, Tran, NH

J. Biol. Chem. 2005
12551923 Phosphorylation of Raf-1 by p21-activated kinase 1 and Src regulates Raf-1 autoinhibition

Frost, JA, Tran, NH

J. Biol. Chem. 2003
12932319 Protein phosphatase 2A positively regulates Ras signaling by dephosphorylating KSR1 and Raf-1 on critical 14-3-3 binding sites

Veenstra, TD, Ory, S, Zhou, M, Morrison, DK, Conrads, TP

Curr Biol 2003
19049963 Regulation of RAF activity by 14-3-3 proteins: RAF kinases associate functionally with both homo- and heterodimeric forms of 14-3-3 proteins

Baljuls, A, Hekman, M, Nekhoroshkova, E, Albert, S, Rajalingam, K, Sibilski, C, Reinders, J, Rapp, UR, Fischer, A, Metz, R

J. Biol. Chem. 2009
9689060 Autoregulation of the Raf-1 serine/threonine kinase

Stephens, RM, Morrison, DK, Cutler, RE, Saracino, MR

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1998
Orthologous Events
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