PXLP-K314-GPT transaminates L-Ala to form PYR

Stable Identifier
Reaction [transition]
Homo sapiens
alanine + alpha-ketoglutarate <=> pyruvate + glutamate [GPT]
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Cytosolic glutamic-pyruvate transaminase (alanine aminotransferase) (GPT) catalyzes the reversible reaction of alanine and 2-oxoglutarate (alpha-ketoglutarate) to form pyruvate and glutamate (Sohocki et al. 1997; Yang et al. 2002). The active form of the enzyme is a dimer (Ishiguro et al. 1991) and is inferred to have a molecule of pyridoxal phosphate associated with each monomer. This reaction allows the synthesis of alanine from intermediates of glucose metabolism in a well-fed person. Under fasting conditions, alanine, derived from protein breakdown, can be converted to pyruvate and used to synthesize glucose via the gluconeogenic pathway in liver, or fully oxidized via the TCA cycle in other tissues.
Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
9119391 Human glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT): localization to 8q24.3, cDNA and genomic sequences, and polymorphic sites.

Harrison, WR, Daiger, SP, Sodergren, EJ, Tanase, S, Elder, FF, Weinstock, G, Sullivan, LS, Sohocki, MM

Genomics 1997
1931970 Complete amino acid sequence of human liver cytosolic alanine aminotransferase (GPT) determined by a combination of conventional and mass spectral methods

Oyama, R, Suzuki, M, Takio, K, Ishiguro, M, Titani, K, Matsuzawa, T

Biochemistry 1991
11863375 cDNA cloning, genomic structure, chromosomal mapping, and functional expression of a novel human alanine aminotransferase

Hansen, BC, Shuldiner, AR, Blaileanu, G, Yang, RZ, Gong, DW

Genomics 2002
Catalyst Activity

L-alanine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase activity of PXLP-K314-GPT dimer [cytosol]

Orthologous Events
Cross References
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