Search results for POLH

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Reaction (5 results from a total of 10)

Identifier: R-HSA-110317
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: nucleoplasm
DNA polymerase eta (POLH) correctly incorporates two adenine deoxyribonucleotides (dAMPs) opposite a TT-CPD (thymine-thymine cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer) lesion. POLH can bypass other types of lesions, such as AP sites and cisplatin-induced intrastrand cross-linked gunanines, preferentially incorporating dAMPs and dGMPs opposite the lesion. While POLH is accurate in translesion synthesis (TLS) across thymine dimers, POLH has a low fidelity in TLS across other DNA damage types and when copying undamaged DNA. One of the protective mechanisms against POLH-induced mutagenesis may be that POLH cannot continue chain elongation after an incorrect nucleotide is incorporated (Matsuda et al. 2000, Masutani et al. 2000).
Identifier: R-HSA-5654985
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: nucleoplasm
SPRTN (Spartan, C1orf124, DVC1) contains a SHP box that binds the hexameric AAA-ATPase VCP (p97). SPRTN recruits VCP, in complex with VCP adaptors NPLOC4 and UFD1L, to monoubiquitinated PCNA (MonoUb:K164-PCNA) associated with POLH at DNA damage sites (Ghosal et al. 2012, Davis et al. 2012, Mosbech et al. 2012).
Identifier: R-HSA-110316
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: nucleoplasm
DNA polymerase eta (POLH) belongs to Y family of DNA polymerases. POLH binds PCNA monoubiquitinated at lysine K164 by the RAD18:UBE2B (RAD18:RAD6) or RBX1:CUL4:DDB1:DTL complexes in response to DNA damage. POLH C-terminus contains a conserved PCNA interaction motif, while the catalytic domain of POLH contains a conserved monoubiquitin binding motif. POLH is most efficient in recognition and repair of thymine-thymine cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (TT-CPD) induced by UV-mediated DNA damage (Masutani et al. 2000, Kannouche et al. 2004)
Identifier: R-HSA-5655193
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: nucleoplasm
KIAA0101 (PAF15) is a PCNA-associated protein expressed during S phase of the cell cycle, under the control of members of the E2F transcription factor family (Chang et al. 2013) and degraded at mitotic exit by the APC:CDH1 complex (Emanuele et al. 2011). KIAA0101 is monoubiquitinated on two lysine residues, K15 and K24, by an unknown ubiquitin ligase. Doubly monoubiquitinated KIAA0101 (PAF15) (MonoUb:K15,K24-KIAA0101) binds PCNA and promotes the switch from translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) polymerase, such as DNA polymerase eta (POLH), to replicative DNA polymerases delta (POLD) or epsilon (POLE). KIAA0101 monoubiquitination thus facilitates termination of TLS and coordinates DNA damage bypass events (Povlsen et al. 2012). UV-induced DNA damage causes removal of MonoUb:K15,K24-KIAA0101 by proteasome-mediated degradation, promoting the switch from replicative DNA polymerase complexes delta (POLD) or epsilon (POLE) to translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) polymerases, such as POLH (DNA polymerase eta) (Povlsen et al. 2012).
Identifier: R-HSA-5693593
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: nucleoplasm
Following branch migration, the invading 3' resected ssDNA end of the double-strand break (DSB) acts as a primer for repair DNA synthesis using the complementary strand of the invaded duplex as a template. The replicative DNA polymerases delta (POLD) and likely epsilon (POLE), as well as translesion synthesis (TLS) DNA polymerases eta (POLH) and kappa (POLK) in complex with PCNA, RFC and RPA are implicated in DNA repair synthesis and D-loop extension. While TLS polymerases increase the efficiency of homologous recombination-related DNA synthesis and can directly interact with D-loop proteins RAD51, PALB2 and BRCA2, it is likely that replicative DNA polymerases POLD and POLE, with their high processivity and fidelity, perform the major role in D-loop extension (McIlwraith et al. 2005, Sebesta et al. 2013, Pomerantz et al. 2013, Buisson et al. 2014). In addition, the presence of RAD51-translocases, homologous to yeast Rad54, that remove RAD51 from the 3' invading strand, may be necessary for the catalytic activity of POLD or POLE (Li et al. 2009, Li and Heyer 2009).
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